This proposal describes our response to the sustainable development of Gadeokdo. We propose a truly robust society with a combination of social, economic and ecological sustainability incorporated in the planning from day one. From the start of the planned development, tourism is integrated in the planning to be a corner stone of this society. It provides for economic resources as it creates local jobs and provides the resources to develop and implement new sustainable technologies in the daily life of citizens. One of the main features of this proposal is the wetlands at Nulcha Bay. This wouldn’t only attract migratory birds, local wildlife and a rich biodiversity but also provide the island with natural water purification as well as attract tourists and business.
The strategy is to create safe and accessible 24-hour urban areas by a variation of mixed use developments. Some parts will be dominated by workplaces and some by residents. The compact city is a sustainable one. It means that public transport is always close by and that public services can be accessible to all.
The scheme emphasize on preserving 80% of the green area. The large amount of preserved green area per capita is a way to minimize the ecological footprint of the development. A large part of the island will also in the future be kept at a nature preserve. Along the west coast and adjacent to built-up areas, the nature preserve is complimented by recreation areas and neighbourhood green space.
Nature is led into the urban fabric through wedges of green and storm water canals. Pocket parks and sporting grounds are weaved into the cities to create a green living environment. The concept and policies of the master plan should be developed into planning and design guidelines to be implemented in all parts of the project. The design guidelines should be continually revised and evaluated to follow technological progress and to accompany naturally the development of the island. The execution of the master plan is advised to be made in four phases from 5, 10, 15 and 20 years of implementation. The plan accommodates for 40 000 inhabitants by the year of 2022 with a possible densification of another 10 000 people.
To achieve a sustainable society we must not only lower the energy consumption but also make sure that the consumed energy is renewable. No source of renewable energy can stand alone. It is necessary that they act together and supplement each other so the different resources are being used as efficient as possible.
A combination of district cooling and heating, geothermal heating, osmotic and wave-power are some examples of technologies that should be further considered for the Gadeokdo-plan. Energy supply is a regional matter that needs to be handled in a regional perspective. For example, energy harvested from wind power might not be suitable in this location but could still be incorporated in a regional vision of renewable resources.
The island of Gadeokdo is undergoing a dramatic change in connectivity to the region. The link to Geojedo in the west, the possible location of a new airport in the south east and the Busan New Port to the north are all projects that will permanently change the situation.
The regional development offers potential but it also brings risks. The transport link across the island could become a barrier and many new sources of pollution could occur. We think the potential outnumbers the risks as it also creates the unique opportunity for the sustainable redevelopment of the island.